Thank a Plumber

Thank a Plumber

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Plumbing Has Eradicated Disease and Saved Lives

Before Modern PlumbingRoman Plumbing

After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europeans despised all things connected to the Roman Empire. This included bathing. In most Europe, there was a widespread belief that getting wet caused illness. This contempt and fear of bathing persisted through most of the Dark Ages.

Some Europeans actually defied customs by bathing, and it was usually done over great protest. When Queen Elizabeth bathed, her servants panicked, fearing she would become ill and die.

The European’s resistance to bathing was brought to America, influencing habits all the way into the 19th century. Philadelphia, in 1835, almost passed a law forbidding wintertime bathing. In 1845, ten years later, the city of Boston actually outlawed bathing, except by medical directive. This Boston law was not widely enforced, but it does illustrate the American resistance to bathing as late as the middle part of the 19th century.

Plumbing Eradicated Diseasedisease

Before plumbing, indoor facilities consisted of a washstand, a washbowl, a pitcher, and a chamber pot or commode. Human waste was thrown into the street or anywhere convenient.

The lack of sanitation in urban areas filled with rats and vermin. This provided the perfect environment to spread disease. The Black Plague killed between 75 million to 200 million people. This was 1/3 of Europe’s entire population. Today, this disease is still not entirely eradicated, but human infection has become a rare occurrence. Between 1918  – 1919, it is estimated that 21.5 million people died because of the influenza pandemic. In the United States alone, 675,000 Americans died.

Plumbing and Polio

Polio is easily transmitted in human waste. It thrives in fecal matter. Plumbing infrastructure and water sanitation in India is way behind the rest of the industrialized world. In areas throughout the world where sanitation and hygiene are good, polio is extremely rare. Still to this day, in areas throughout the world where sanitation primative and hygiene are poor, the disease of Polio can spread rapidly.

Recently, immunization has received a lot of publicity and have garnered most of the credit for India being declared “polio free” by the World Health Organization. As recently as 2009, India has reported well over 700 cases of polio. and at that time, this made India the polio capital of the world. Although, in 2014, there has been no documented cases of polio. But without proper sanitation there is no way this will last. Vaccines alone will not stop polio. Modern plumbing and sanitation is mandatory.

A Breeding Ground for Polio

India is the second most populous nation in the world, with a population of 1.2 billion people. Currently, over half of the country of India, 780 million Indians, do not have a toilet. Over 96 million Indians do not have access to clean drinking water. In the rural areas of India, open defecation is still more common than attempting to dispose of human waste in a more sanitary fashion, like burying it.

There are efforts to improve sanitation and the plumbing infrastracture, but they pale in comparison to the extensive efforts to vaccinate Indians. Over 9 billion dollars have been spent on vaccinations to the people of India. In some parts of India, children have received as many as 30 doses of the oral polio vaccine before their fifth birthday. Bill Gates, the World Health Organization, and GAVI have ardently been pushing vaccines on people who still don’t have access to clean drinking water or the sanitary means to dispose of their human waste. Both plumbing, and educating the people of India is needed.

Currently, the polio vaccine campaign in India is highly controversial because of the high rate of vaccine injury and death. There were 53,000 cases of NPAFP, a non-polio acute flaccid paralysis, among those vaccinated. NPAFP is a disease that is clinically indistinguishable from polio and twice as deadly that is caused by the live, weakened, polio viruses in the vaccine. Incidences of the disease rose and fell with the number of doses of the vaccine administered. To call this disease anything other than polio is semantic subterfuge, a whitewash for Big Pharma’s image.

More lives would be saved, and it would be far more effective if India’s water infrastructure and plumbing was improved.

London and CholeraLondon

The European infant mortality rate was very high in the 18oo’s. It was from 25% to 70%. In the early-to-mid 1800s, London had little in the way of plumbing. The majority of people used town pumps and communal wells to get their drinking water. Waste disposal was far from adequate. Most of the people is London dumped raw sewage and animal wastes into open pits known as “cesspools” or directly into the Thames River. Unfortunately, the Thames River was also the source of drinking water.

Cholera spreads quickly and easily through contaminated water. It kills very quickly. Often, it proves fatal within hours of the first symptoms of vomiting or diarrhea.

In 1854, an outbreak of cholera struck London, claiming the lives of tens of thousands of people in England. In Soho, a suburb of London, there were more than 500 fatal cases of cholera in just more than a week.

Dr. John Snow, who lived near Soho, was able to investigate what was causing the outbreak of cholera in London. Just 5 years earlier, Dr. Snow had written an article on what he thought was the cause of cholera. It was in the water, and that is how it was spreading he argued. This idea was completely counter to the conventional wisdom of his time. In the 1850s, doctors believed that bad vapors, or a “miasma in the atmosphere” caused the cholera disease. Dr. Snow challenged this belief.

Tracing Cholera To the Source

Dr. Snow traced the cholera outbreak to the Broad Street pump. He convinced the town officials to remove the pump handle. The cholera outbreak abruptly ended. Some time later, the cholera outbreak was actually traced to a woman cleaning a dirty diaper in the well on Broad Street.

Dr. Snow convinced the people of London that fecal matter was contaminating the water supply. Today Dr. John Snow is widely regarded as the father of epidemiology.

The Dysentery Epidemic, and Poor Sanitation

In 1994 Rwandan refugee camps in Zaire had outbreaks of dysentery. Plumbing did not exist and sanitation was poor. The Rwandan refugees defecated openly in common areas. Human waste built up in the same areas where the refugees drew water that was used for cooking and drinking. Heavy rain flooded the area and dysentery became epidemic, at its peak it was killing as many as 2,000 people a day.

Refugee camps are a haven for disease. This is directly related to poor sanitation and the lack of plumbing. Once United States and UN officials brought in purified water to Zaire for the Rwandan refugees, and encouraged people to use outhouses and latrines for defecation, the incidences of dysentery plummeted.

Population Overloadchicago

In America, the industrial revolution caused rapid population growth. Chicago’s population grew from 350 in 1835 to more than 60,000 by 1850. Chicago’s water infrastructure and plumbing wasn’t designed to handle such a fast rise in population. During that time, Chicago was dealing with many different diseases. It had an especially high rate of typhoid fever. The source of the rapid increase in typhoid fever was traced directly to the city’s water and sanitation.

Most of the city’s sewage was going into the Chicago River, which flowed into Lake Michigan. Lake Michigan provided the Chicago’s drinking water. This contaminated the drinking water and created a cycle of disease and the wide spread of typhoid fever.

It took many years to solve Chicago’s disease problem, but in the early 1900’s Chicago modernized their plumbing and water infrastructure. Chicago reversed the flow of several rivers and streams. As a result, typhoid fever and all other infectious diseases decreased tremendously.

Plumbing is the Answer

Modern plumbing and sanitation prevents the spread of disease. None of this is new information. Moses taught the people of Israel about sanitation. Moses made many rules for encampments. The Greeks and the Romans created elaborate plumbing systems of aqueducts, baths, and drainage. When the Roman Empire fell, plumbing and sanitation became a lost art. Civilization paid the price. Millions of people in the world died because of it.

Smallpox continued to infect Europe’s population until plumbing infrastructure became commonplace.

 

Most people in developed countries have access to modern plumbing. This is because of plumbers.

While the medical professionals and the pharmaceutical companies are quick to take credit for our increased life expectancy, in truth, they are not the only heroes. The work that plumbers do every day saves lives, and stops the spread of disease.

Have you thanked a plumber?

June 28, 2015 |

8 Common Home Plumbing Mistakes to Avoid

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plumbing-mistakesThe plumbers listed in Best Plumbers® get called to homes for all kinds of different plumbing problems. Our plumbers have seen everything you can possibly think of that can go wrong with a plumbing system. Out of the different types of plumbing problems they encounter, there are some that come up more frequently than others. Today, we’re going to help you avoid those plumbing issues by addressing the most common home plumbing mistakes.

1. Using the wrong tool to when attempting to fix a clog. There are a number of plumbing tricks you can try to unclog a drain. It is very important to know what tools are best for the job at hand. For example, using a drain snake to try to unclog a toilet could cause severe damage to the toilet bowel. Always try and use a simple plunger first. If the plunger does not work and an auger is needed, make sure you are using a toilet auger. A toilet auger is specially designed and manufactured for the toilet. This 1 tip could save you hundreds of dollars from having to buy a brand new toilet. In addition, using chemical drain cleaners for any clogs can corrode and damage the inside of your plumbing.

2. Overloading the garbage disposal. Garbage disposals are built and designed to be fed one item at a time. If you overfill your garbage disposal it can easily get jammed or overworked.

3. Wrong items going down the garbage disposal. A very common mistake people make with garbage disposals is not being careful of what they use them for. Garbage disposals can handle small food scraps, but starchy and fibrous foods like vegetable peels, celery, rice and pasta are often problematic. Often, they tie up the blades of the garbage disposal and lead to a jam.

4. Flushing garbage down the toilet. Quite often, homeowners treat their toilets like garbage cans. They flush products like cotton balls, facial scrubs, cotton swabs, paper towels and hygiene products. Toilets are only designed to flush human waste, if you flush other foreign objects it can quickly lead to a clog.

5. Leaving hair in shower drain traps. Most showers have drain traps that are used to catch soap scum and hair that would otherwise build up in the drains and lead to clogs. Neglecting to clean the traps is a huge mistake. You will get standing water in the shower, the water will not drain properly, and this will ultimately lead to a future clog in your drain.

6. Putting excess weight on fixtures. If you choose to put shower caddies or other hanging objects on your showerheads or handles, be careful how much weight you put on them. Putting excess weight on your plumbing fixtures will damage them. It’s best to avoid putting any weight on them altogether.

7. Pouring grease down drains. This is 1 of the biggest mistakes the professionals at Best Plumbers® see when it comes to the cause of kitchen drain clogs. Grease will solidify in your pipes and traps. This will quickly lead to severe clogs. You can easily avoid this mistake by disposing of your grease and fats in a jar, and throw it out in the garbage. In colder climates, people put this out for the birds to feast on.

8. Ignoring small plumbing leaks. Plumbing leaks never fix themselves. They only get worse with time. The longer you ignore a leak, the more damage it can cause and the more water you’ll waste. Instead of procrastinating, it’s best to give the professionals at Best Plumbers® a call as soon as you notice leaks or other plumbing problems so that you can minimize the damage and annoyance that they cause.

If you have any questions about these home plumbing mistakes, or if you’d like a plumbing system serviced or installed in your home, contact the plumbing professionals listed in Best Plumbers®.

June 11, 2015 |

Best Plumbers® Awards 2015 Are Now Available!

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After selected from all over the nation, currently we have several recommended plumbers in locations.

All rights reserved by Best Plumbers®

June 2, 2015 |

The Benefits of Hiring a Licensed Professional Plumber

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When you have a plumbing problem it is enticing to try and do the work yourself. Often, the perceived savings in plumbing labor are enough to make someone download instructions off the internet on how to make those seemingly simple plumbing repairs.

Your plumbing system is extremely sophisticated. It may appear the problem is localized to one plumbing fixture, the truth is the entire plumbing system is compromised. If you are not familiar with plumbing and all of the intricacies, you can cause more damage to your plumbing and cause much more plumbing repairs and expense.

The benefits of hiring a licensed, professional plumber include:

Licensed plumbers have been educated and trained in all aspects of plumbing. A licensed plumber has extensive amounts of education, and has to pass rigorous state testing. This plumbing education and experience enables a licensed plumber to predict and prevent a variety of scenarios that come up while working on your plumbing.

Licensed professional plumbers always have the right tools for the plumbing job. Most plumbing problems are easier to fix using the right plumbing tools. There is a specific plumbing tool specially designed for most plumbing problems, and a trained licensed plumber the exact plumbing tool to use in order to get the job done right, the first time.

When hiring a licensed plumber you will get a level of service, and peace of mind that is far superior to doing it yourself. Successful plumbing companies build their business on repeat clientele and word of mouth advertising. Most plumbing companies are owner-operated, and that business owner wants to make certain the customer is satisfied with the plumbing service so there is high potential for repeat business. When you do the plumbing work yourself, you have to keep working on the plumbing problem until it is fixed, whether you know what you are doing or not.

If you have plumbing problem in your home or business and are thinking about doing the plumbing repair on your own, consider the important points mentioned above and research the plumbing costs of doing the job yourself before starting the plumbing project. When in doubt, you can always rely on the plumbing leaders listed in Best Plumbers®.

May 28, 2015 |

High Water Bills?

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Do you have higher than normal water bills? You may have a water leak in your plumbing system. Your plumbing leak may be from an old toilet that consumes massive amounts of water on eachWater Bills flush or a dripping faucet due to seal failure or some other issue like a slab leak. The key to getting the best results is not waiting to fix the leak. The longer you wait, the more money this is going to cost. Check out the plumbers at Best Plumbers® and get the plumbing leak sealed fast.

The list below is a quick tip sheet on checking if there is a leak in your plumbing system.

1. Turn off all of the water inside your home.
2. Find your water meter and look for a yellow or red triangle or a circle. If it is spinning this indicates you have a leak in your plumbing system somewhere. This piece on the water meter is called the leak indicator. This shows water flow when there should not be none.
3. Locate the main shutoff valve and close it. Caution: Open and close this valve slowly. This valve may not have been opened or closed for years, and there is typically high water pressure coming into the home. Turning this valve off will cut all the water supply to your house and should stop anything from moving on the water meter. This will shut off any inbound water flow into the home.
4. If you still see everything moving on the water meter, then your shutoff valve is broken. Call a plumber from Best Plumbers® to get this plumbing problem fixed as soon as possible. In case of an emergency you will not be able to shut off the water going into the home and you may suffer from flood or water damage to the property due to not having an operational shutoff valve. This can easily be avoided by being proactive, and calling a licensed professional plumber.
5. Once the valve is in the OFF position, turn on a faucet to see if there is any water running.
6. If the “leak indicator” is still moving, and the valve is working properly, then there is a leak between the meter and customer side. At this point call a professional plumber. Suggest that the plumber checks the main shutoff valve even if its operational to be double save and assure its not nearing a breaking point.

Leaks in plumbing systems cost Americans millions of dollars every year. Fixing plumbing leaks is one of the fastest way to save money on your monthly bills.

March 13, 2015 |

10 things you should know about your plumbing

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Best Plumbers® lists 10 things that everyone should know about their plumbing. Being empowered with this information can prevent a plumbing disaster.plumber 1

  1. Know how to shut it off your water. Usually, this can be shut off at the meter. This is where the water supply comes into the home or business. You may have a separate shut off at the meter and at the house. Everyone should know where these shut off valves are, and how to operate them. When turning these valves on and off, do it slowly, because the water pressure may be high, and valves may be old.
  2. Learn how to read your water bill and the water meter. To ensure you’re being billed properly. Always check your usage with each bill and try to catch leaks. The water company can help you read your bill and meter. If you have questions about your bill, or want things explained on how to read the water bill call the number on your water bill. The water company will be more than happy to explain the details of the bill,
  3. Always know the water pressure coming into the home or business. Your water pressure should be under 80 psi. The number 1 cause for plumbing leaks into a home or business is high water pressure. An easy to use water pressure gauge can be usually purchased for less than $20.00. If you don’t want to check it yourself, your water company will usually come out and check for you at no charge.
  4. Know where the clean-out plugs are on your sewage system. Sewer or septic? Knowing where the clean-out plugs are is usually the 1st step to solving a clog or backup problem in your plumbing system.
  5. Know where your air conditioning condensation lines are and make certain they are working properly. All air conditioners produce condensation water when in use. If the condensation is not draining properly, it can cause extensive water and mold damage to the home or business.
  6. Know how to shut off your gas. Everyone should always know how shut off the gas supply to the home or business. Educate yourself on the gas supply coming into the building and at each appliance that is powered by gas. If there is only an issue with a specific appliance, you may save time by being able to shut off the gas at the specific location.
  7. Know how to shut off the water that is going to the water heater. A water heater problem can leave you without hot water. But if you know how to shut off the water at the water heater, it need not leave you completely without water for washing, cooking, and bathroom use.
  8. Always have a pan under the water heater, and make certain your water heater’s pressure relief valve is not leaking. The average water heater lasts 12 years. They will not last forever. Most will eventually leak at some time. A pan under the heater may prevent expensive water damage. A leaking pressure relief valve usually indicates a major problem with that critical protection device on your water heater.
  9. Know where the shut off valves are on all of your plumbing fixtures. Every sink and toilet has a shut off valve. Know where these shut off valves are. This knowledge can save you a potential plumbing disaster and water damage to your property, if you know how to shut them off quickly.
  10. Know how to shut off the water to all your plumbing appliances. Know how to shut off the water to each plumbing appliance, like your water heater. If your water heater is on the 2nd or 3rd floor and there is a problem with the water heater, this could results in thousands of dollars in water damage to your home or business.

We hope these plumbing essentials help you. Always remember, when you need a good plumber, contact the researched and reviewed plumbing professionals at Best Plumbers®.

February 23, 2015 |

Protecting Your Outdoor Tankless Water Heater During The Winter

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imagesA tankless water heater performs well in winter months even it has some restrictions. Tankless water heaters make use of a condenser that pre-warms the water, so it does not take you very long time to reach the pre-set temperatures for using. Approximately, the water reaches the temperature set by the home owners at the rate of 1.6 gallons per minute . In the beginning it may flow with less pressure, so that the water heater has time to heat the water, but it is as hot as desired when it gets to its destination. Contrary to common belief, the hot water temperatures produced by the tankless water heater are not restricted by the temperatures outside. However, the tankless hot water heater can freeze if certain precautions are not taken when the temperatures drop below a certain level.

The majority of indoor and outdoor tankless water heaters have built-in freeze protection against short-term winter temperatures ranging from -7 degrees Fahrenheit to -21 degrees Fahrenheit. This protection cannot resist long term below freezing temperatures. To avoid your tankless water heater from freezing in the winter there are several steps you should take. To begin winterizing your tankless water heater, first turn the unit off and unplug its power source. Next, turn off the water supply and drain the water from the water heater. Minimize the water pressure and disconnect the water pipes from the water heater. Place a cover over the vent termination for intake and exhaust to hold debris out. After that, when setting up a concentric or dual vent system face vent pipes away from the wind to prevent freezing. Set up drain pipes in areas not subject to freezing such as inside a wall. Enable ample combustion air for gas powered appliances to prevent negative draft from freezing the water in a tankless unit or use a backdraft reducer which closes the backdraft flapper. Subsequently, you can run a small stream of hot water constantly to avoid freezing.images (1)

These procedures can protect your water heater through the entire winter withstanding freezing temperatures in your local area. You may probably not have to do such a thing when weather conditions pretty low for a time which is really short. You have one thing crisis that is prepared by calling an expert to winterize your tankless water heater in you house if it expected that the current weather will remain cold for an extended period of time of this winter. Find your local trustworthy plumber at Best Plumbers® today. We will pick plumbers ahead of you and guarantee you a better service.

For more useful information about the plumber please visit Best Plumbers®.

January 13, 2015 |
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